-THE BIG 6•STEP1- TASK DEFINITION–Who or What are you researching?•STEP 2- INFORMATIONSEEKING–What sources can youuse?–Where do you look?•STEP 3-LOCATION AND ACCESS-Find unbiased and reputable sourcesPRIMARY SOURCESAre:-original records created at the time historical events-Or memoirs and oral histories.Used:-to interpret the past-Provide resources for historical research.•WRITTENWORKS:-letters, manuscripts, diaries, journals, newspapers, speeches, interviews, memoirs/autobiographies-Official records of organizations, public opinion polls-Government documents, (Congress or the Office of the President) photographs, audio recordings, video, data, andautobiographies.
- Excerpts or translations acceptable•CREATIVE WORKS: Poetry, drama,novels, music, art, newsfilm footage, movies•RELICS OR ARTIFACTS: Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings, and ancient roads, tools, and weapons.How do I find them?•Usea search engine- “Boolean search”: When searching, use specific terms rather than broad terms. For example search for the“emancipation proclamation” not just “slavery,” search for the “battle of chancellorsville” not “civil war.”•So you have found a primary source, now ask yourself...1. What is it?
2. Who wrote it?
3. When and where was it written?
4. Why was this written?
5. Who was the intended audience?
6. What questions does this source raise?
7. What other information do we have about this document?
8. What other primary sources are like this one?
9. What other primary or secondary sources might help answer our questions?What else do we need to know in order to understand the evidence in this source?
10. Have others commented about this or similar sources?
11. How does evidence from this source alter or fit into existinginterpretations of the time period or event?
12. What evidence does this source contribute to my research?SECONDARY SOURCES•Is something written about aprimary source.•Include comments on, interpretations of, or discussions about the original material.•Second-handinformation. If Itell you something, I am the primary source. If you tell someone else what Itold you, you are the secondary source.(gossip, reviews about merchandise or hotel)
–Textbooks–Articles in newspapers, magazines, and journals–Histories or Encyclopedias–Criticisms or commentaries–Book or movie reviews–Anything that discusses or evaluate someone else's original research.How Do I Evaluate Them?•Look for websites with a non-biased, balanced approach to presenting sources.–What’s the purpose of the website?–Could the material have been altered or manipulated in some way to change or influence its meaning.•Sometimes sites use primary source material to persuade the reader to a particular point of view, distorting the contents.•Websites produced by educational or governmental institution often are more reliable than personal websites, but government sites may be subject to propaganda.•STEP 4- USE OF INFORMATION–Essential information–Paraphrase not Plagiarize–Cite your sources ina bibliography•STEP 5-SYNTHESIS–How do you organize your project?•STEP 6- EVALUATION- Turn in your presentation for a grade